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Captain America: Civil War—Responsibility showcased in action-packed film

May 25, 2016 No Comment


by Ted Giese

Captain America: Civil War, is MARVEL Studio’s third film featuring Captain America (not including his appearances in films like Avengers Assemble and Avengers: Age of Ultron, and a couple of small cameos in other films). As a result, Steve Rogers/Captain America, along with many of the other recurring characters, have received enough screen time to start developing into robust and complex characters. The current film provides fertile ground for this growing maturity in a genre not always equated with depth of character development.

At its heart this movie is about control and responsibility. Acting primarily as a sequel to Captain America: The Winter Soldier, it picks up following the concluding events of Avengers: Age of Ultron. In that film, the battle of Sokovia saved humanity from the artificial intelligence Ultron (originally built and conceived by Tony Stark) and an eastern European city was destroyed.

The result of the devastation sees 117 countries propose a document called the Sokovia Accords which they ask the Avengers to sign. The request causes a split in the group’s solidarity. After showing them footage of the devastating aftermath of their world-saving heroics, Secretary of State Thaddeus Ross says to the Avengers, “In the past four years you’ve operated with unlimited power and no supervision. That’s an arrangement the governments of the world can no longer tolerate…. The Sokovia Accords… states that the Avengers shall no longer be a private organization. Instead, they’ll operate under the supervision of the United Nations Panel only ‘when’ and ‘if’ that Panel deems it necessary.”

Captain America and Iron Man fight.

Captain America and Iron Man fight.

Steve Rogers refuses to sign the document while Tony Stark supports and signs it. This creates a civil war within the Avengers and the various super heroes pick sides, some following Rogers and others following Stark.

Steve Rogers refuses to sign the document while Tony Stark supports and signs it. This creates a civil war within the Avengers and the various super heroes pick sides.

Meanwhile, in the background an opportunistic villain named Zemo patiently conspires to pit the Avengers against each other using as leverage Bucky Barnes/the Winter Soldier—a childhood friend of Rogers. Barnes, who had fought in WWII with Rogers and was presumed dead in Captain America: The First Avenger, was revealed to be a mind-controlled super soldier in Captain America: Winter Soldier. Desperate to hold on to the remaining bits and pieces of his own past, Rogers tries to redeem Barnes, believing the man he once knew still hides somewhere within the man who carried out lethal acts of espionage as an agent of the villainous organization Hydra.

Knowing that Rogers’ love for his friend could be pitted against Stark’s rage upon the revelation that one of the Winter Soldier’s Hydra missions directly impacted Stark’s family, Zemo sets the stage for an epic and very personal confrontation between Captain America and Iron Man. The nature of this confrontation means the film ends with no clear winner and the complexity of the story presents a film where a clear-cut hero is hard to find. On the one hand, there are the Avengers who follow the Sokovia Accords believing the world is best served if they put themselves in the hands of a governing authority. On the other hand there are the Avengers who operate in secret because they believe, as Rogers says, “I know we’re not perfect, but the safest hands are still our own.”

Interestingly, Rogers is trying to save Stark and the rest of the Avengers from the potential of becoming the very thing his friend Bucky Barnes had become: an instrument of the agendas of others. What if that U.N. panel becomes compromised? What if they compel the Avengers to act unjustly or force them not to act at all because of politics? What then? What if the Avengers become an instrument of evil instead of a force for justice?

Christian viewers will want to consider a short exchange between Barnes and Rogers where Rogers acknowledges the effects of the mind control over Barnes’ actions as Hydra’s Winter Soldier. Captain America says something like, “Those things you did, it wasn’t your fault, it wasn’t you who did those things,” to which Barnes replies, “I know. But I still did them.” Barnes acknowledges he still has responsibility for his actions, that ultimately he is accountable.

Barnes acknowledges he still has responsibility for his actions, that ultimately he is accountable.

This is reminiscent of how St. Paul describes his personal relationship with sin in Romans when he writes: “For I do not understand my own actions. For I do not do what I want, but I do the very thing I hate. Now if I do what I do not want, I agree with the law, that it is good. So now it is no longer I who do it, but sin that dwells within me. For I know that nothing good dwells in me, that is, in my flesh. For I have the desire to do what is right, but not the ability to carry it out. For I do not do the good I want, but the evil I do not want is what I keep on doing. Now if I do what I do not want, it is no longer I who do it, but sin that dwells within me” (7:15-20).

Barnes is a repentant character who wants to be rid of his past actions as an assassin and agent of Hydra but he also knows he doesn’t deserve to be let off the hook. Lutheran viewers would do well to remember the familiar words, “I a poor, miserable sinner, confess to You all my sins and iniquities with which I have ever offended You and justly deserved Your punishment now and forever. But I am heartily sorry for them and sincerely repent of them.”

Nothing would have been more satisfying than Rogers saying to Barnes, “Bucky, Jesus died for those sins; He died for all of your sins; you are forgiven.” The audience doesn’t get that moment, of course. But generally speaking, Roger’s attitude towards his friend is one of grace and forgiveness when the rest of the world wants condemnation and retribution. Rogers is willing to put his life on the line to save the life of his friend and ultimately to save the lives of all the Avengers.

Is it all serious? No. There are plenty of light-hearted moments and pure comic book fun. The introduction of two characters who have not previously appeared in MARVEL Studio films—Peter Parker/Spider-Man and T’Challa/Black Panther—were spot-on, adding some of the film’s most memorable and enjoyable moments. Also, the return of Scott Lang/Ant-Man provided additional comic relief. All of this is balanced with a number of genuine action movie sequences. Anthony and Joe Russo, who also directed Captain America: Winter Solider, give their audience some real heart-pounding action which will be too intense for younger and/or more sensitive viewers.

With an increasing number of super hero movies released each year by both MARVEL Studios and now DC Entertainment (Batman v. Superman: Dawn of Justice), it is encouraging to see screenwriters and film makers addressing some of the more complex ideas kicking around in their comic book source material. As these films build on each other, the theme of responsibility is emerging in a way that makes them more than just a showcase for splashy explosions and ingenious special effects.

While it might be hard for some viewers to keep up with the ever-growing cast of characters and subplots, MARVEL has been working hard to avoid painting itself into a continuity corner. When it comes to managing a large ensemble cast of characters Captain America: Civil War is not as successful as Joss Whedon’s Avengers Assemble and Avengers: Age of Ultron. Nevertheless, it still provides a satisfying film that fits well into MARVEL’s growing meta narrative.


Rev. Ted Giese is associate pastor of Mount Olive Lutheran Church (Regina, Saskatchewan). He is a contributor to Reformation Rush Hour on KFUO AM Radio, The Canadian Lutheran, and the LCMS Reporter, as well as movie reviewer for the “Issues, Etc.” radio program.  Follow him on Twitter @RevTedGiese.


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