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LCC joins Catholics, Evangelicals, and other Canadian faith leaders in declaration on assisted suicide and euthanasia

November 3, 2015 7 Comments

lcc-logoCANADA – Lutheran Church–Canada (LCC) has signed a joint declaration on assisted suicide and euthanasia along with the Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops (CCCB), member churches of the Evangelical Fellowship of Canada (EFC), and other Canadian faith leaders. LCC is an observer member of the EFC.

The Declaration comes in reaction to a February 2015 decision by the Supreme Court of Canada which decriminalized assisted suicide and voluntary euthanasia, and which gave the federal government one year to propose new legislation on the issue. The signatories of the Declaration are encouraging Canada’s elected officials to develop laws that clearly protect the dignity of all human life, noting that “euthanasia and assisted suicide treat the lives of the disadvantaged, ill, disabled, or dying persons as less valuable than the lives of others.” Signatories call for expanded support for palliative care, and for the protection of health-care workers and administrators who, for reasons of conscience, “cannot accept suicide or euthanasia as a medical solution to pain and suffering.”

In total, more than 30 Canadian Christian denominations have signed the Declaration, including leaders of Roman Catholic, Lutheran, Orthodox, Baptist, Evangelical, Mennonite, Alliance, Armenian, Anglican, Nazarene, Reformed, Salvation Army, Apostolic, and Pentecostal church bodies, among others. More than 20 Canadian Jewish and Muslim leaders have also joined the declaration.

The full declaration appears at the end of this post. For further information, including the full list of signatories, visit the Declaration’s website at www.euthanasiadeclaration.ca.

“Our church has long defended the sanctity of human life, from conception to natural death—positions grounded both in natural law and in the clear teachings of Scripture,” noted LCC President Robert Bugbee. “God’s Word tells us that all people are created in the image of God. That teaching grants dignity and value to all human life.”

“This teaching also underlies the commandment not to commit murder,” President Bugbee continued. “God grants life to all human beings, placing His image upon them and His breath of life within them. It is not for any one person to summarily choose to end someone’s life—not even their own.”

Lutherans have attempted to bring a pro-life perspective to the issues of euthanasia and assisted suicide in a number of ways in recent years. In June 2014, The Canadian Lutheran published a feature story by Dr. L. Block entitled “Hands of Mercy” that discusses the issue at length. That article went on to win a major award at the 2015 Canadian Church Press Awards. The Canadian Lutheran also published “A Lutheran Response” in 2014 following the news that a public assisted suicide advocate had taken her life.

In 2014, Lutherans for Life–Canada joined the annual March for Life on Parliament Hill in Ottawa. And every year, LCC marks Sanctity of Life Sunday in January. For more information on Lutheran pro-life activities, visit the websites of Lutherans for Life (USA) and Lutherans for Life-Canada. Lutherans for Life-Canada is a Listed Service Organization of LCC.

The joint declaration follows:

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The Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops and The Evangelical Fellowship of Canada
Declaration on Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide

Assisted suicide and euthanasia raise profound social, moral, legal, theological and philosophical questions — questions that go to the very core of our understanding of who we are, the meaning of life, and the duty of care we owe to each other. The recent Supreme Court of Canada decision has brought this issue to the forefront of public discussion and compels each of us as Canadians to reflect upon our personal and societal response to those who need our compassion and care.

We, the undersigned, each from the basis of our sacred teachings and enduring traditions, affirm the sanctity of all human life, and the equal and inviolable dignity of every human being. This is an affirmation shared by societies and cultures around the world and throughout history. Human dignity is not exclusively a religious belief, although for us it has a significant religious meaning. Furthermore, we affirm that reverence for human life is the basis and reason for our compassion, responsibility and commitment in caring for all humans, our brothers and sisters, when they are suffering and in pain.

The sanctity of human life is a foundational principle of Canadian society. It has both individual and communal import: it undergirds the recognition of the equal dignity of each individual regardless of their abilities or disabilities and shapes and guides our common life together, including our legal, health care and social welfare systems. It engenders the collective promotion of life and the protection of the vulnerable.

While Canadian society continues to affirm the importance of human dignity, there is a worrisome tendency to define this subjectively and emotionally. For us, human dignity is most properly understood as the value of a person’s life before her or his Creator and within a social network of familial and societal relationships. We are convinced the only ways to help people live and die with dignity are: to ensure they are supported by love and care; to provide holistic care which includes pain control as well as psychological, spiritual and emotional support; and, to improve and increase resources in support of palliative and home care.

On the basis of our respective traditions and beliefs, we insist that any action intended to end human life is morally and ethically wrong. Together, we are determined to work to alleviate human suffering in every form but never by intentionally eliminating those who suffer.

The withholding or withdrawal of burdensome treatment must be distinguished from euthanasia and assisted suicide. The intention in such cases is not to cause death but to let it occur naturally. We understand that under certain circumstances it is morally and legally acceptable for someone to refuse or stop treatment. The refusal of medical treatment, including extraordinary measures, is very different from euthanasia or assisted suicide. Euthanasia is the deliberate killing of someone, with or without that person’s consent, ostensibly in order to eliminate suffering. Assisted suicide occurs when one person aids, counsels or encourages another person to commit suicide. There is a fundamental difference between killing a person and letting her or him die of natural causes.

Euthanasia and assisted suicide treat the lives of disadvantaged, ill, disabled, or dying persons as less valuable than the lives of others. Such a message does not respect the equal dignity of our vulnerable brothers and sisters.

Health care systems must maintain a life-affirming ethos. Medical professionals are trained to restore and enhance life. They are not trained or expected to administer death. Any change in this regard would fundamentally distort the doctor/patient relationship. Similarly, all members of society are called upon to do their utmost to protect their neighbours when their lives or safety are threatened. This basic care and concern, so fundamental to society, is evident in the continuing efforts to provide better, readily available palliative and home care.

Health Canada defines palliative care as “an approach to care for people who are living with a life-threatening illness, no matter how old they are. The focus of care is on achieving comfort and ensuring respect for the person nearing death, and maximizing quality of life for the patient, family, and loved ones, and is a societal affirmation of caring for the most vulnerable amongst us. Palliative care addresses different aspects of end-of-life care by: managing pain and other symptoms; providing social, psychological, cultural, emotional, spiritual and practical support; supporting caregivers; providing support for bereavement.” Assisted suicide and euthanasia are contrary to the philosophy and practice of palliative care.

In light of the recent decision of the Supreme Court of Canada, we urge federal, provincial and territorial legislators to enact and uphold laws that enhance human solidarity by promoting the rights to life and security for all people; to make good-quality home care and palliative care accessible in all jurisdictions; and to implement regulations and policies that ensure respect for the freedom of conscience of all health-care workers and administrators who will not and cannot accept suicide or euthanasia as a medical solution to pain and suffering.

Humanity’s moral strength is based on solidarity, communion and communication – particularly with those who are suffering. It is personal attention and palliative care and not assisted suicide or euthanasia that best uphold the worth of the human person. It is when we are willing to care for one another under the most dire of circumstances and at the cost of great inconvenience that human dignity and society’s fundamental goodness are best expressed and preserved.

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  • Alain Rioux

    Le meilleur moyen de remédier à l’avis délétère de la cour
    suprême, au sujet de l’euthanasie, sans rouvrir le dossier constitutionnel,
    serait de définir, par une simple loi des communes, la notion de société
    démocratique, indiquée à l’article premier de la Charte des droits et libertés,
    de 1982: “Une société démocratique est une force publique, autorisée par
    le peuple, qui a pour objet la protection de la vie des citoyens, afin qu’ils
    puissent exercer leurs droits”. Ainsi, il deviendrait impossible de légitimer
    l’euthanasie, puisque cela contreviendrait directement au but de toute société démocratique.
    L’avis de la cour suprême serait, de la sorte, renversé. Le pouvoir
    retrouverait sa dimension essentiellement législative, en encadrant
    politiquement la Charte des droits et libertés. Par conséquent, en serait-il
    fini de cette situation constitutionnelle d’anarchie juridique, où ce n’est plus
    le législateur mais la cour qui énonce le droit. Car, le bien commun ne
    consiste pas dans la somme des droits individuels mais dans l’exercice
    collectif et délibérant de la souveraineté, par le truchement du suffrage
    universel. C’est de cette liberté politique, définissant le citoyen, que
    découle, en démocratie, le catalogue de tous les autres droits et libertés.
    Cette avenue n’est pas farfelue, puisqu’en France, la Constitution de 1958
    définit l’État français comme État laïc, tout en laissant à la loi de
    séparation, de 1905, le soin de définir l’objet de la laïcité.
    Alain Rioux
    M.A. philosophie

    • Bonjour M. Rioux. Étant juriste de formation, je partage tout à fait votre avis sur la délinquance judiciaire des tribunaux canadiens, et particulièrement de la Cour suprême du Canada. J’hésite à dire si une loi statutaire du Parlement suffirait à remettre la CSC à sa place. En principe oui, mais dans notre système officieux de suprématie judiciaire, je crains que non. La CSC et la suprématie judiciaire jouissent d’une excellente réputation dans la communauté des juristes qui sont endoctrinés dans les facultés de droit. Pour ces juristes, il est devenu tout à fait normal (et même souhaitable) que les tribunaux composés de juges non-élus renversent régulièrement les lois votés par le représentant légal du peuple : le législateur. Les juges de la CSC en sont parfaitement conscients et cela influence certainement sur leurs jugements. La quantité d’inepties logiques & juridiques que j’ai lu dans les arrêts de la CSC est hallucinante.

      Supposons que le Parlement votait une loi statutaire qui renverserait l’arrêt de la CSC sur l’euthanasie en définissant ce qu’est une société libre et démocratique. Normalement, la CSC devrait s’incliner devant le Parlement. Le ferait-il ? Probablement pas. Cette loi statutaire n’aurait pas une valeur constitutionnelle. La CSC aurait beau jeu de dire que cette loi statutaire viole la Constitution et de la déclarer nulle. Et tous les barreaux du Canada applaudiraient. Trop facile !

      Ça prendrait ÉNORMÉMENT de volonté politique et de cohésien de la part du Parlement pour engager un bras de fer avec la CSC et ses partisans. Pour cela, le Parlement aurait besoin de l’appui de la population. Or les concepts constitutionnels les plus simples échappent presque totalement à la population, pour qui les pouvoirs législatif, exécutif et judiciaires se réduisent à une entité abstraite appelée « le gouvernement ». Le citoyen canadien ordinaire est à peine capable de distinguer entre les paliers municipal, provincial et fédéral.

      Tant qu’à moi, on devrait purement et simplement abolir la CSC, comme cela avait été discuté au début de la Confédération :

      http://monarchomaque.org/2014/06/27/abolir-cour-supreme/

      Ah, mais depuit que Trudeau Père s’est mis d’accord avec les Premiers ministres provinciaux du Canada anglais pour modifier draconiennement la Constitution en 1982, avec les nouvelles formules d’amendement, il n’est pratiquement plus possible de toucher à la CSC. Ah, que Dieu nous vienne en aide face à cette anarchie institutionalisée.

      • Alain Rioux

        Sans vouloir insister, permettez-moi, tout de même, de croire que la Constitution, à l’article 4, paragraphe 2, permet au parlement de prolonger son mandat, en cas d’insurrection. Or, comment qualifier, autrement, l’attitude de la CSC, déclarant inconstitutionnelle une telle loi statutaire? De sorte que, face à l’insurrection judiciaire, le parlement aurait beau jeu de suspendre tout le processus électoral, tant et aussi longtemps que la CSC ne s’inclinerait pas, jusqu’à viduité complète de la CSC, s’il le faut…

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