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Mental Illness and Redemption: Reviewing Blue Jasmine

September 11, 2013 No Comment

by Ted Giese

blue-jasmineSome people won’t like Blue Jasmine because there are no explosions or epic showdowns between super heroes and super villains; it’s simply a movie about a rather unpleasant woman whose life is unravelling in mental illness, surrounded by equally terrible supporting characters. And there’s no happy ending. That said, Blue Jasmine is a fine contemporary character study of mental illness.

We have seen other outstanding depictions of mental illness in films like Geoffrey Rush’s Best Actor Oscar performance in Shine (1996) or Ralph Fiennes’ chilling performance in Spider (2002), but in recent years there have been some applauded depictions that missed the mark. A recent example is last year’s critically acclaimed Silver Linings Playbook which downplayed the serious nature of mental illness and played the mentally ill’s troubles for laughs. This was due in part to Silver Linings Playbook’s genre: a romantic comedy complete with the obligatory happy ending where the couple end up together and all is well with the world as they kiss under the twinkling lights of the city at night. This is not what you get in Blue Jasmine; writer and director Woody Allen has not made a romantic comedy.

There are a couple of funny spots in Blue Jasmine and some people in the theatre laughed during the film, but it was often nervous laughter or laughter at the absurdity of the situation rather than at the central character. Unlike some of his other films, here Allen has crafted a drama, not a comedy.

The film is about a woman, Jasmine, who leaves New York City for San Francisco to move in with her working class sister after her husband’s ponzi scheme is revealed and their ill-gotten wealth is taken from them. This sets up the secondary plot: antagonism between blue-collar America and the super-rich “one percent”-types of Park Avenue. As in recent films like Elysium, greed and covetousness drive this part of the plot in Blue Jasmine. And just as in Elysium, neither side of the coin is less guilty than the other. Almost every character has issues with money or with the desire to have what does not belong to them. No one is truly content and, even in moments of contentment, there is no sense the contentment will last.

Added to all of this, Jasmine has always been embarrassed by her sister. They were adopted as children but are not biological sisters. This comes up repeatedly in the film and seems a sore spot.

In some ways this is a typical Woody Allen film. You see common themes like dishonesty, infidelity, and friction between men and women. In this case, all these themes seem to intersect within the boundaries of Jasmine’s mental illness.

Casting Stones

Allen has Jewish roots but his take on life is generally unspiritual. For Allen, the world is futile and random at best. He’s even been accused of misanthropy (being generally disillusioned with the human condition). In Blue Jasmine Allen manages to steer clear of the temptation into which many Hollywood writers fall when dealing with mental illness—turning the struggling character into a saint and/or blaming others for their situation or condition. Allen doesn’t work to make you like Jasmine. In fact, he does everything to make sure you don’t warm up to her as a character. He also does nothing to endear you to her husband Hal who is basically an adulterous Bernie Madoff-like businessman. Even her adopted sister, Ginger, has flaws and makes questionable and even obviously bad choices throughout the film—and she is the nicest character in the film.

Interestingly, Allen’s secular disenchantment has a spiritual counterpart in the teaching of original sin. Christians watching this film may find themselves reminded of these truths: “For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God” (Romans 3:23); “If we say we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us” (1 John 1:8); “Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity, and in sin did my mother conceive me” (Psalm 51:5); and “There is none who does good, not even one” (Psalm 53:2-3).

While Hollywood often takes the viewer down this well-worn sin-filled path, it usually leads the viewer back out. Few films end without some form of redemption. Not so with Blue Jasmine. While the clouds part along the way in a couple of spots, the conclusion to the film is not sunny. Blue Jasmine lacks redemption. And honestly, not everyone will want to see Jasmine redeemed because she is so deplorable and difficult to watch. This too may jog a thought in the mind of Christian viewers: can a person as terrible as Jasmine, regardless of her mental state, be redeemed?

Blue Jasmine lacks redemption. And honestly, not everyone will want to see Jasmine redeemed because she is so deplorable and difficult to watch. Can someone this terrible be redeemed?

While it’s not a one to one comparison, Scripture has an account of a person whom others considered “unredeemable.” Read along in John 8:3-11:

The scribes and the Pharisees brought a woman who had been caught in adultery, and placing her in the midst they said to [Jesus], ‘Teacher, this woman has been caught in the act of adultery. Now in the Law Moses commanded us to stone such women. So what do you say?’ This they said to test [Jesus] that they might have some charge to bring against Him. Jesus bent down and wrote with His finger on the ground. And as they continued to ask Him, He stood up and said to them, ‘Let him who is without sin among you be the first to throw a stone at her.’ And once more He bent down and wrote on the ground. But when they heard it, they went away one by one, beginning with the older ones, and Jesus was left alone with the woman standing before him. Jesus stood up and said to her, ‘Woman, where are they? Has no one condemned you?’ She said, ‘No one, Lord.’ And Jesus said, ‘Neither do I condemn you; go, and from now on sin no more.’

Blue Jasmine

The character of Jasmine is treacherous, vain, self-centred, manipulative, and vindictive. She says hurtful things and has substance abuse problems. In addition to all of this, she’s mentally ill. While a specific diagnosis isn’t given in the film, it appears Jasmine has a bipolar disorder. She takes Xanax (a treatment for anxiety and panic disorder) and has even undergone electro-convulsive therapy. What she needs is help, both physical and spiritual, which none of the other characters around her seem capable of providing. No one gives her undeserved mercy.

What Jasmine needs is help, both physical and spiritual, which none of the other characters around her seem capable of providing. No one gives her undeserved mercy.

Much in this film feels familiar. In Blue Jasmine, Allen has drawn upon the Tennessee Williams’ play A Streetcar Named Desire. His Jasmine goes through a decline similar to the deterioration of Williams’ character Blanche DuBois. As the film draws to a conclusion Allen leaves you wondering if there will be any “kindness of strangers” for Jasmine to rely on since she hasn’t yet found any substantial help from her family or friends. A persistent, concrete, real world question remains: “What will become of this woman?”

The compelling part of this film is Cate Blanchett’s (Jasmine) performance. She provides a compelling image of a woman so awful it’s hard to have pity on her, even in her horrible condition. She waxes and wanes from deceptively charming to wilfully ignorant to devastatingly broken, sometimes all in one scene.

With the summer blockbusters drawing to a close and the more dramatic fare of the fall cranking up, Blue Jasmine may be a thought provoking alternative to many of the films currently in theatres. Some viewers will find the film challenging because the topic is both relentless and uncomfortable. But for those who enjoy hard-hitting drama, you will enjoy Blue Jasmine. The end of the film may leave you thinking deeply about mental illness for some time. In real life, the decline some people face from mental illness is perhaps less dramatic than in this film; but it is tragic nevertheless. And the result for the mentally ill can be the same as for Jasmine, unless family and friends act as a safety-net, supporting and rescuing them over and over again.


Rev. Ted Giese is associate pastor at Mount Olive Lutheran Church in Regina. He reviews movies for both The Canadian Lutheran and Issues, Etc. He is currently conducting a free online course on Christianity and the Movies for Concordia Lutheran Seminary (see here for more details).

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